Plant extracts and associated polyphenols are known for their varied health benefits that include antioxidant effects and antimicrobial properties.  Polyphenols offer a cost-effective safe and natural alternative to work synergistically with chemically-synthesized antimicrobials and therapeutics in combating drug resistance, toxins, reducing inflammation and infection.  The structure-function can contribute to antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal activities in most activities at the tissue and cellular level.

General research has shown that polyphenol-rich plant sources of phytochemicals are able to initiate different biological activities including antimicrobials and highly potent against a wide range of bacterial and viral pathogens.